نگرش سیستمی به «زبان» http://linguisticsystems.mihanblog.com 2019-01-22T15:16:46+01:00 text/html 2011-11-30T13:57:15+01:00 linguisticsystems.mihanblog.com ابوالحسن بیاتی زاویه متفاوت http://linguisticsystems.mihanblog.com/post/15 <div style="text-align: center; color: rgb(0, 102, 0); "><font size="2">زاویه های متفاوت را از دست ندهید !<br></font></div><div style="text-align: center; "><font size="2"><span style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">نگاهی متفاوت به مسائل اعتقادی، حقوقی، فرهنگی در حیطه های فردی و اجتماعی</span><br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); "></font></div><div style="text-align: center; "><font size="2"><span style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">در</span><br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); "><a style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); " href="http://www.motafavet.ir/" target="_blank" title="زاویه متفاوت">www.motafavet.ir</a><br></font></div> <p><font size="2"><br></font></p> text/html 2010-10-17T03:30:00+01:00 linguisticsystems.mihanblog.com ابوالحسن بیاتی تفکر سیستمی 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&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;" lang="FA">*<span style="">&nbsp; </span>كمیّت و كیفیّت ارتباطات فوق را دقیقاً مشخص نمایید؛<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="margin-right: 28.4pt; text-indent: -14.2pt; line-height: 150%;"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;" lang="FA">*<span style="">&nbsp; </span>مجموعه ارتباطات را با هم ارزیابی كرده و بهترین راه را برای ارتباط بین امكانات و نیازها انتخاب نمایید؛<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="margin-right: 28.4pt; text-indent: -14.2pt; line-height: 150%;"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;" lang="FA">*<span style="">&nbsp; </span>راه حل را به مرحله‌ی اجراء بگذارید؛<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="margin-right: 28.4pt; text-indent: -14.2pt; line-height: 150%;"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;" lang="FA">*<span style="">&nbsp; </span>نتایج را ارزیابی كنید؛<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="margin-right: 28.4pt; text-indent: -14.2pt; line-height: 150%;"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;" lang="FA">*<span style="">&nbsp; </span>نقاط ضعف را برطرف نموده و دوباره آنرا اجراء نمایید.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>روش تفكّر شبكه‌ای كه محصول دید كلان و جامع نسبت به موضوعات است، سكوی جهش علمی ‌و عملی به سوی حقائق هستی است. محقّقی كه تحقیق خود را بر اساس تفكّر شبكه‌ای ‌طرح‌ریزی می‌كند و قدم به قدم به سوی حل‌مسأله حركت می‌نماید، در كوتاهترین راه و با بیشترین بازدهی به هدفِ تحقیق خواهد رسید.<o:p></o:p></span></p> 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mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} </style> <![endif]--> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="margin-bottom: 10pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;" align="center"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA">بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><span class="CharChar"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>تحلیل سیستم یعنی بررسی یك سیستم به هدف حلّ نارسایی و مشكل، یا به هدف ارتقاء وضعیت و رساندن به موقعیت بهتر</span></span><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="AR-SA">. </span><span class="CharChar0"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA">در تحلیل سیستمی به دنبال تجزیه‌ی سیستم به عوامل تشكیل‌دهنده‌ی آن و روابط بین آنها و بررسی میزان فعل و انفعال بین اجزاء و دست‌یابی به میزان موفقیّت این تعاملات در تأمین هدف سیستم هستیم.</span></span><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="AR-SA"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><br></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><link rel="File-List" href="file:///C:%5CUsers%5CHoo%5CAppData%5CLocal%5CTemp%5Cmsohtmlclip1%5C01%5Cclip_filelist.xml"><link rel="Preview" href="file:///C:%5CUsers%5CHoo%5CAppData%5CLocal%5CTemp%5Cmsohtmlclip1%5C01%5Cclip_preview.wmf"><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> 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/* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Arial","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} </style> <![endif]--> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="margin-bottom: 10pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;" align="center"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA">بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="margin-bottom: 10pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;" align="center"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="AR-SA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>3. هدف سیستم، خروجی سیستم، بازخورد سیستم:<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="AR-SA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>همواره در هر سیستمی با دو نقطه‌ی <u>هدف</u> و <u>خروجی</u> روبرو هستیم.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><b><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="AR-SA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>هدف سیستم (</span></b><b><span dir="LTR" style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);">Target</span></b><span dir="RTL"></span><b><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="AR-SA"><span dir="RTL"></span>)</span></b><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="AR-SA">، دورنمای آرمانی سیستم می‌باشد كه جهتِ حركت سیستم به سمت آن بوده است؛ این هدف <u>واكنشی</u> است كه مطلوب است در اثر اعمال سیستم به وجود بیاید. 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font-family:"Arial","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} </style> <![endif]--> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="margin-bottom: 10pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;" align="center"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA">بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="margin-bottom: 10pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;" align="center"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>2. پردازش سیستم (</span><span dir="LTR" style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);">Processing</span><span dir="RTL"></span><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span dir="RTL"></span>):<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>2-2. روابط بین متغیّرها:<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="AR-SA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>رابطه‌ی بین متغیّرهای یك سیستم، رابطه‌ای <b><u>تضاعفی</u></b> است.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="AR-SA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>اثری كه اجزاء یك سیستم در آن سیستم از خود نشان می‌دهند از همان اجزاء در بیرون سیستم پدیدار نخواهد شد و این نشان‌دهنده‌ی این است كه سیستم، حاصلِ جمعِ <b>بُرداری</b> اجزاء است، نه حاصلِ جمعِ <b>جبری</b> اجزاء.<o:p></o:p></span></p> </m:defjc></m:rmargin></m:lmargin></m:dispdef></m:smallfrac> text/html 2010-09-23T03:30:00+01:00 linguisticsystems.mihanblog.com ابوالحسن بیاتی توضیح عناصر سیستم 2 http://linguisticsystems.mihanblog.com/post/10 <link rel="File-List" href="file:///C:%5CUsers%5CHoo%5CAppData%5CLocal%5CTemp%5Cmsohtmlclip1%5C01%5Cclip_filelist.xml"><link rel="Preview" 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text-align: center; line-height: 150%;" align="center"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA">بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="margin-bottom: 10pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;" align="center"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>2. پردازش سیستم (</span><span dir="LTR" style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);">Processing</span><span dir="RTL"></span><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span dir="RTL"></span>):<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>1-2. متغیّرهای سیستم (</span><span dir="LTR" style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);">Elements</span><span dir="RTL"></span><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span dir="RTL"></span>):<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>راه نفوذ ما به موضوعات از طریق آثار و خصوصیات آنهاست. ذهن قدرت درك مستقیم جوهرة اشیاء را ندارد و باید از طریق ادراك آثار و خصوصیات آن پی به سرمنشأ ‌ببرد. آثار اشیاء و موضوعات هستند كه سبب رفع نیاز ما و حل مشكل می‌شوند؛ ارتباط ما با آنها به خاطر استفاده از كاركرد آنهاست. آثار و كاركردهای موضوعات قابل تغییر هستند، می‌توان آنها را از بین برد یا تقویت و تشدید كرد یا اثری دیگر را بر موضوع بار كرد. موضوعات با یكدیگر و با اجزاء درونی خود فعل و انفعال دارند (اثر می‌گذارند و اثر می‌پذیرند)؛ با برقرار كردن ارتباط بین موضوع مورد نظر و موضوعی با اثری دیگر (<span class="CharChar"><span style="font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;">یا ارتباط با جزئی دیگر</span></span>) می‌توان شیء مورد نظر را تحت تأثیر قرار داد و كاركردهای آن را تغییر داد (</span><span class="CharChar0"><i><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA">فعّال‌سازی</span></i></span><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: 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mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Arial","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} </style> <![endif]--> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="margin-bottom: 10pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;" align="center"><a name="OLE_LINK52"></a><a name="OLE_LINK51"><span style=""><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA">بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم<o:p></o:p></span></span></a></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="text-align: center; line-height: 150%;" align="center"><span style=""><span style=""><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></span></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><span style=""><span style=""><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>1. ورودی سیستم (</span></span></span><span style=""><span style=""><span dir="LTR" style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);">Input</span></span></span><span style=""><span style=""><span dir="RTL"></span><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span dir="RTL"></span>):<o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><span style=""><span style=""><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>ورودی سیستم (= متغیّر حالت) متغیّری است كه درون سیستم می‌آید تا با فعل و انفعالاتی كه بر روی آن انجام می‌شود به هدف مطلوب برسد.<o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><span style=""><span style=""><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>مثلاً در سیستم ماشین لباسشویی، ورودی سیستم <u>لباس كثیف</u> است كه درون این سیستم قرار می‌گیرد تا با انجام عملیات شستشو به هدف مورد نظر كه <u>لباس تمیز</u> است تبدیل شود.<o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><span style=""><span style=""><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></span></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><span style=""><span style=""><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>2. پردازش سیستم (</span></span></span><span style=""><span style=""><span dir="LTR" style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);">Processing</span></span></span><span style=""><span style=""><span dir="RTL"></span><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span dir="RTL"></span>):<o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><span style=""><span style=""><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>عملیاتی كه روی <b>متغیّر حالت</b> انجام می‌شود تا هدف مطلوب حاصل شود را <u>پردازش سیستم</u> گویند.<o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><span style=""><span style=""><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>پردازش یك سیستم ممكن است توسط چند <b><u>خُرده سیستم</u></b> انجام شود كه ورودیِ خُرده سیستم اول همان ورودیِ اصل سیستم است و خروجیِ آن، ورودیِ خُرده سیستم دوم به حساب می‌آید. همچنین خروجیِ آخرین خُرده سیستم همان خروجیِ اصل سیستم خواهد بود.</span></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><br></p><link rel="File-List" href="file:///C:%5CUsers%5CHoo%5CAppData%5CLocal%5CTemp%5Cmsohtmlclip1%5C01%5Cclip_filelist.xml"><link 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mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;} </style> <![endif]--> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="margin-bottom: 10pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;" align="center"><font size="3"><a name="OLE_LINK15"></a><a name="OLE_LINK10"><span style=""><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA">بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم</span></span></a></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style=""><font size="3"><span style=""><span style=""><a name="OLE_LINK9"></a><a name="OLE_LINK8"><span style=""><b><span style="font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>عناصر سیستم:</span></b></span></a></span></span></font></p> <font size="3"><span style=""></span><span style=""></span></font> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><font size="3"><span style=""><span style=""><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="AR-SA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>یك سیستم ساده، به شكل زیر می‌باشد:</span></span></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><font size="3"><span style=""><span style=""><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA">&nbsp;</span></span></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><font size="3"><span style=""><span style=""><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA">&nbsp;</span></span></span></font><img src="http://www.motafavet.ir/linguisticsystems/systempic.png" alt="شکل یک سیستم ساده" align="absmiddle" border="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><font size="3"><span style=""><span style=""><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA">&nbsp;</span></span></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><font size="3"><span style=""><span style=""><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="AR-SA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>هر سیستمی دارای مؤلّفه‌های زیر می‌باشد:</span></span></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="margin-bottom: 10pt; line-height: 150%;"><font size="3"><span style=""><span style=""><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="AR-SA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>1. ورودی سیستم</span></span></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="margin-bottom: 10pt; line-height: 150%;"><font size="3"><span style=""><span style=""><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="AR-SA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>2. پردازش سیستم</span></span></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="margin-bottom: 10pt; line-height: 150%;"><font size="3"><span style=""><span style=""><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="AR-SA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>1-2. متغیّرهای سیستم</span></span></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="margin-bottom: 10pt; line-height: 150%;"><font size="3"><span style=""><span style=""><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="AR-SA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>2-2. روابط بین متغیّرها</span></span></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="margin-bottom: 10pt; line-height: 150%;"><font size="3"><span style=""><span style=""><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="AR-SA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>3-2. جریان سیستم</span></span></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="margin-bottom: 10pt; line-height: 150%;"><font size="3"><span style=""><span style=""><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="AR-SA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>3. هدف سیستم، خروجی سیستم، بازخورد سیستم</span></span></span><span style=""><span style=""><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"></span></span></span></font></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="margin-bottom: 10pt; line-height: 150%;"><font size="3"><span style=""><span style=""><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>4. مرز سیستم</span></span></span></font></p> </m:defjc></m:rmargin></m:lmargin></m:dispdef></m:smallfrac> text/html 2010-09-05T02:30:00+01:00 linguisticsystems.mihanblog.com ابوالحسن بیاتی تعریف سیستم و ویژگیهای آن http://linguisticsystems.mihanblog.com/post/7 <link rel="File-List" href="file:///C:%5CUsers%5CHoo%5CAppData%5CLocal%5CTemp%5Cmsohtmlclip1%5C01%5Cclip_filelist.xml"><link rel="Preview" 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{size:612.0pt 792.0pt; margin:72.0pt 72.0pt 72.0pt 72.0pt; mso-header-margin:36.0pt; mso-footer-margin:36.0pt; mso-paper-source:0;} div.Section1 {page:Section1;} --> </style><!--[if gte mso 10]> <style> /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Arial","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} </style> <![endif]--> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="margin-bottom: 10pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;" align="center"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA">بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><b><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="AR-SA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; تعریف </span>سیستم:<o:p></o:p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="AR-SA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>سیستم<a style="" href="#_ftn1" name="_ftnref1" title=""><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span dir="LTR" style=""><!--[if !supportFootnotes]--><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span style="font-size: 9pt; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);">[1]</span></span><!--[endif]--></span></span></a> (= شبكه، نظام) مجموعه‌ای از عناصر است كه برای تحقّق یك هدف، با یكدیگر ارتباط برقرار می‌كنند.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><b><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="AR-SA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>ویژگی‌های سیستم:<o:p></o:p></span></b></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%;"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span style="">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><span style="position: relative; top: 3pt;">**</span><span style="">&nbsp;</span>هر سیستم، یک <b>«کلّ»</b> است که نمی توان آنرا به اجزاء <u>مستقل</u> تقسیم نمود.</span><br></p><div style=""><a style="" href="#_ftnref1" name="_ftn1" title=""><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span dir="LTR" style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);"><span style=""><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);"></span></span></span></span></span></a><div style="" id="ftn1"> </div><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);"><o:p></o:p></span> </div> </m:defjc></m:rmargin></m:lmargin></m:dispdef></m:smallfrac> text/html 2009-11-06T03:28:52+01:00 linguisticsystems.mihanblog.com ابوالحسن بیاتی چرا نگرش سیستمی؟ (2) http://linguisticsystems.mihanblog.com/post/1 <p dir="RTL" style="margin-bottom: 10pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><font size="3"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA">بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم</span></font></p> <p dir="RTL" style="margin-bottom: 10pt; line-height: 150%;"><font size="3"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>با یک مثال شروع می‌کنیم:</span></font></p> <div style="text-align: justify;"> </div><p dir="RTL" style="margin-bottom: 10pt; line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"><font size="3"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>امروزه کمتر کسی را پیدا میکنید که با فضای رایانه آشنایی داشته باشد و با نوشت‌افزار </span><span dir="LTR" style="line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);">Word</span><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"> آشنایی نداشته باشد.</span></font></p><div style="text-align: justify;"> </div><p dir="RTL" style="margin-bottom: 10pt; line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"><font size="3"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>اگر سری به کتابفروشی‌های مربوط به رایانه و نرم‌افزارهای وابسته بزنید با انبوهی از کتاب‌های آموزشی </span><span dir="LTR" style="line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);">Word</span><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"> مواجه می‌شوید که البته تمام آنها در یک جنبه با هم مشترک هستند:</span></font></p> <p dir="RTL" style="margin-bottom: 10pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%;"><font size="3"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA">با مطالعۀ هیچکدام نمی‌توانید یک کتاب را صفحه‌بندی کنید!!!</span></font></p> <p dir="RTL" style="margin-bottom: 10pt; line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"><font size="3"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>می‌دانید چرا؟</span></font></p><div style="text-align: justify;"> </div><p dir="RTL" style="margin-bottom: 10pt; line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"><font size="3"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>چون در هیچکدام از این کتاب‌ها <b>فرآیند</b> صفحه‌بندی کردن کتاب را مهندسی نکرده‌اند و اساس نگرش سیستمی در <b>«تعریف فرآیندها»</b> خلاصه می‌شود.</span></font></p><div style="text-align: justify;"> </div><p dir="RTL" style="margin-bottom: 10pt; line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"><font size="3"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>در پست‌های آینده در مورد نگرش سیستمی و ضرورت آن بیشتر سخن خواهیم گفت.</span></font></p> <p dir="RTL" style="margin-bottom: 10pt; text-align: left; line-height: 150%;"><font size="3"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA">منتظر باشید...</span></font></p> text/html 2009-10-27T03:41:39+01:00 linguisticsystems.mihanblog.com ابوالحسن بیاتی چرا نگرش سیستمی؟ (1) http://linguisticsystems.mihanblog.com/post/2 <p dir="RTL" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed;"><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA">بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم</span></p> <p dir="RTL" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed;"><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>شاید مهمترین سؤالی كه در این وبلاگ برای شما پیش آمده است این باشد كه:</span></p> <p dir="RTL" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed;"><b><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA">چرا می‌خواهیم به مقوله‌ی زبان با نگرش سیستمی نگاه كنیم؟</span></b></p> <p dir="RTL" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>به طور خلاصه می‌توان جواب این سؤال را در چند جمله‌ی كلیدی بیان كرد:</span></p><div style="text-align: justify;"> </div><p dir="RTL" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><span style="position: relative; top: 3pt;">*</span><span>&nbsp;</span>عالم خلقت (بر اساس تبیین عِلّی و معلولی از آن در فلسفه‌ی صدرایی) نظام‌مند و سیستماتیك است و تمام اجزای آن، بر اساس روابط سیستمی حركت می‌كنند.</span></p><div style="text-align: justify;"> </div><p dir="RTL" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><span style="position: relative; top: 3pt;">* </span>اگر نظام ذهن <b>متناسب</b> با نظام عین نباشد، <b>كارآمدی</b> نخواهد داشت و دانش‌های ذهنی به تغییرات رفتاری نخواهند انجامید.</span></p><div style="text-align: justify;"> </div><p dir="RTL" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"><span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><span style="position: relative; top: 3pt;">* </span></span><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA">باید در بررسی پدیده‌ها، با ابزار تحلیل سیستمی به توصیف و تبیین آنها بپردازیم تا نقطه‌ی مختصّات آنها در میان دیگر پدیده‌ها، و روابط آنها آشكار شود تا بتوانیم دانش‌های ذهنی را كارآمد كنیم و از آنها در مرحله‌ی عمل استفاده كنیم.</span></p><div style="text-align: justify;"> </div> text/html 2009-09-12T21:30:00+01:00 linguisticsystems.mihanblog.com ابوالحسن بیاتی هویت زبان چیست؟ http://linguisticsystems.mihanblog.com/post/3 <p dir="RTL" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(0, 33, 71);" lang="FA">بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم</span><span dir="LTR" style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(0, 33, 71);"></span></p> <p dir="RTL" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed;"><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(0, 33, 71);" lang="FA"><span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>برای دست‌یابی به معنای دقیقی از <b>«زبان»</b> و تعیین مرزهای آن به طوری كه تعریف ما جامع و مانع باشد، نیاز به همفكری و خردِ جمعی احساس می‌شود.</span></p> <p dir="RTL" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed;"><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(0, 33, 71);" lang="FA"><span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>بنابراین قبل از آنكه بخواهیم با ابزارهای تحلیلی به ماهیت زبان نفوذ كنیم، ابتدا توصیف‌های دانشمندان حوزه‌ی زبانشناسی را بررسی می‌كنیم.</span></p> <p dir="RTL" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed;"><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(0, 33, 71);" lang="FA"><span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>برای این منظور صفحه‌ای جداگانه اختصاص داده شده است كه می‌توانید تعاریف زبانشناسان را در آنجا بیابید.</span></p> <p dir="RTL" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed;"><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(0, 33, 71);" lang="FA"><span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>در تكمیل این بخش به یاری شما نیازمندیم و دستتان را به گرمی می‌فشاریم.</span></p> <p dir="RTL" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed;"><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(0, 33, 71);" lang="FA"><span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>در ستون سمت راست صفحه </span><b><span dir="LTR" style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(0, 33, 71);"><</span></b><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(0, 33, 71);" lang="FA"> در قسمت صفحات جانبی </span><b><span dir="LTR" style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(0, 33, 71);"><</span></b><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(0, 33, 71);" lang="FA"> به صفحه‌ی </span><font size="3"><a href="http://linguisticsystems.mihanblog.com/extrapage/definition" target="" title="صفحات جانبی">تعریف‌های «زبان» در كلام زبانشناسان</a></font><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(0, 33, 71);" lang="FA"> مراجعه فرمایید.</span></p> <p dir="RTL" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed;"><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(0, 33, 71);" lang="FA"><span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>در تكمیل این بخش به یاری شما نیازمندیم و دستتان را به گرمی می‌فشاریم.</span></p> <p dir="RTL" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed;"><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(0, 33, 71);" lang="FA"><span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>با توجه به اینكه در صفحات جانبی امكان ثبت نظرات بازدیدكنندگان وجود ندارد ، خواهشمندیم نظرات مربوط به صفحه‌ی «تعریف‌های زبان» را در همین پست وارد نمایید.</span></p> text/html 2009-09-10T07:13:34+01:00 linguisticsystems.mihanblog.com ابوالحسن بیاتی ما میاییم ان شاء الله http://linguisticsystems.mihanblog.com/post/4 <p style="margin-bottom: 0.0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal; direction: ltr; unicode-bidi: embed;" align="center"><font size="3"><span dir="RTL" style="font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA">بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم</span><span style="font-family: "Times New Roman","serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);"></span></font></p> <p dir="RTL" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed;"><font size="3"><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA">مدتی این مثنوی تأخیر شد</span><span dir="LTR" style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);">.</span><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"></span></font></p> <p dir="RTL" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed;"><font size="3"><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA">علت تأخیر هم این است كه دارم یك چارچوب جامع برای وبلاگ آماده میكنم كه پست ها رو بر اساس اون بذارم كه خواننده هم بتواند مطالب را در یك خط سیر پیگیری كند</span><span dir="LTR" style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);">.</span></font></p> <p dir="RTL" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed;"><font size="3"><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA">ان شاء الله به زودی خواهیم آمد</span><span dir="LTR" style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);">.</span></font></p> <p dir="RTL" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed;"><font size="3"><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA">پس منتظر بمانید</span><span dir="LTR" style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);">.</span></font></p> <p dir="RTL" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed;"><font size="3"><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Tahoma","sans-serif"; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA">یا علی</span><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%; color: rgb(87, 66, 52);" lang="FA"></span></font></p> text/html 2009-02-26T05:48:59+01:00 linguisticsystems.mihanblog.com ابوالحسن بیاتی چرا كلمه‌ی «نگرش سیستمی» http://linguisticsystems.mihanblog.com/post/5 <p dir="rtl" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: center; line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%;" tahoma="" ,="" sans-serif="" ;="" color:="" rgb(87,="" 66,="" 52);="" lang="FA">بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم</span><span dir="ltr" style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%;" tahoma="" ,="" sans-serif="" ;="" color:="" rgb(87,="" 66,="" 52);=""></span></p> <p dir="rtl" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed;"><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%;" tahoma="" ,="" sans-serif="" ;="" color:="" rgb(87,="" 66,="" 52);="" lang="FA"><span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>می‌دانیم كه استفاده درست از واژه‌ها در فضای تفکر، به خاطر بار معنایی و پس‌زمینه‌های مرتبط با آن، امر بسیار مهمی است؛ به گونه‌ای که استفاده نابجا و ناآگاهانه از واژه‌ها در نوشته‌های علمی، سبب جدال‌های بی‌حاصل و فرصت‌سوزی در عرصه اندیشه می‌گردد.</span></p> <p dir="rtl" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed;"><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%;" tahoma="" ,="" sans-serif="" ;="" color:="" rgb(87,="" 66,="" 52);="" lang="FA"><span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>از سوی دیگر کسانیکه نسبت به فرهنگ مردم خود دارای دغدغه هستند، همیشه استفاده از زبان فارسی را به عنوان راهبرد پیشگیرانه، پیش چشمان خود دارند.</span></p> <p dir="rtl" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed;"><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%;" tahoma="" ,="" sans-serif="" ;="" color:="" rgb(87,="" 66,="" 52);="" lang="FA"><span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>بر اساس آنچه گفته شد این سؤال مطرح میشود كه:</span></p> <p dir="rtl" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed;"><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%;" tahoma="" ,="" sans-serif="" ;="" color:="" rgb(87,="" 66,="" 52);="" lang="FA">چرا در اینجا از تركیب "نگرش سیستمی" استفاده كرده‌ایم، با اینكه می‌توانستیم از واژه‌های جایگزینی مانند "نگرش شبكه‌ای" یا "نگرش نظام‌مند" یا "نگرش نظام‌واره" یا ... استفاده كنیم؟ آیا به مبانی و لوازمی كه واژه "سیستم" تداعی می كند توجه نداشته‌ایم؟ آیا استفاده از این واژه بیگانه را برای فرهنگ و زبان خود دارای اثر منفی نمی دانیم؟</span></p> <p dir="rtl" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed;"><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%;" tahoma="" ,="" sans-serif="" ;="" color:="" rgb(87,="" 66,="" 52);="" lang="FA"><span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>پاسخ این است كه:</span></p> <p dir="rtl" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed;"><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%;" tahoma="" ,="" sans-serif="" ;="" color:="" rgb(87,="" 66,="" 52);="" lang="FA">در صورت تغییر واژگان با مشكلی جدی روبرو می‌شدیم كه به اصلی‌ترین وظیفه زبان مربوط می‌شود، یعنی: "انتقال پیام" !</span></p> <p dir="rtl" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed;"><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 150%;" tahoma="" ,="" sans-serif="" ;="" color:="" rgb(87,="" 66,="" 52);="" lang="FA">زیرا با توجه به اینكه ما اركان معنایی "نگرش سیستمی" را قبول داریم، و از طرفی واژه‌های جایگزین آن در فضای علمی متداول نیستند؛بنابراین تغییر این واژه تنها باعث سردرگمی خواننده و نارسایی در انتقال مفهوم می‌گردد و در نتیجه فهم و نقد مطالب برای کسانیکه در فضای تخصصی این مقولات می‌اندیشند، دشوار خواهد شد.</span></p> text/html 2009-02-24T07:48:43+01:00 linguisticsystems.mihanblog.com ابوالحسن بیاتی راه‌اندازی وبلاگ نگرش سیستمی به «زبان» http://linguisticsystems.mihanblog.com/post/6 <div style="text-align: center; color: rgb(0, 0, 153);"><font size="2"><span style="font-weight: bold;">به نام آنکه انسان را زبان آموخت </span></font><br><br></div><font style="font-family: tahoma,arial,helvetica,sans-serif; color: rgb(0, 0, 153);" size="1"><span style="font-size: 180%;"><font style="font-family: tahoma,arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-weight: bold;" size="2">منتظر بمانید؛ به زودی این وبلاگ راه اندازی خواهد </font><font style="font-family: tahoma,arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-weight: bold;" size="2">شد.</font><br></span></font><div style="text-align: left;"><font style="font-family: tahoma,arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(0, 0, 153);" size="2">«ان شاء الله»</font><br></div>